PILOT | CAREER GUIDANCE SERIES

If you’re someone who has good logical and mathematical skills along with being physically fit and can communicate well, you have an option to take it to a professional level.

You can be a ‘PILOT’.

 

 

Of course, you would need to study about the field and you can surely develop some skills further, but presence of above mentioned qualities can be a big asset for this profession. As these are some of the important qualities of a pilot.

Brief description of the profession: –

With use of both logical and communication skills, the job of a Pilot includes acting as the key person in airlines operations who is responsible for flying the aircraft according to the scheduled routes. The chief pilot or the captain commands the flight with assistance of the co-pilot. They have to be very alert during their job and coordinate with the crew, which involves lot of responsibility as there are so many passengers in the flight.

Skills required for the field:

  • Logical mind: an understanding of maths and physics
  • Tech friendly: an ability to understand technical information, as pilots need to know how their aircraft works
  • Visualisation: excellent spatial awareness and coordination
  • Good communication skills: need to coordinate with the crew very well
  • Team-working skills
  • Spontaneous: the ability to think quickly and make decisions in difficult situations
  • The capacity to remain calm under pressure: As it involves a huge responsibility of a lot of people
  • Discipline: as it involves lot of concentration, self-confidence and commitment
  • Leadership skills: with the ability to give clear commands to cabin crew and passengers.

 

Responsibilities & Job Environment:  

Before flight-

  • Before take-off pilot has to check the pre-flight plans (all about the route and technical details)
  • Have to attend the meteorological briefing.
  • Have to make calculations for take-off and landing.
  • Calculate fuel requirements and ensure refuelling is done as per requirements
  • Check functioning of the equipment and instruments
  • Brief the crew about flight responsibilities.
  • Establish and check contact with air traffic control for take-off

After flight-

  • Interpret the data presented to them on instruments and controls
  • Have to use their expertise and experience for take-off and landing
  • When aircraft is on automatic controls they keep a check on instruments to ensure smooth functioning
  • Be in contact with air traffic controls and cabin crew throughout the flight
  • Talk to passengers, over the public-address system on speed and height, details of ground areas they are flying over, warnings of turbulence and difficult weather conditions
  • Need to ensure safety of the aircraft and passengers and crew on board

After landing

  • Have to write a flight report, and details problems or instrument difficulties.
  • Give feedback of the aircraft.

Job scope:

There are two types of pilots:

1. Civil aviation/Commercial pilots

  1. Indian defence forces (Airforce)

 

  1. CIVIAL AVIATION/COMMERCIAL PILOT

They fly a specific aircraft type for an airline and holds a commercial pilot certificate issued by an authority. In India, the authority is the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). As a commercial pilot you need to be very responsible as you have about more than five hundred lives depending upon you.

HOW DO I GET THERE?

  1. Complete 10+2 in science stream – Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry being compulsory subjects.

(In case if you didn’t have Physics and Math in your higher secondary, you still have the option of studying these two subjects from National Institute of open Schooling after which you can start your Pilot training course that permits you to take off flights approved by the flying clubs of the country).

  1. Pursue B.Sc. in Aviation Admission through entrance examination).
  2. Obtain a pilot licence.

 

This admission procedure for B.Sc. Aviation:

Written Examination- The test encompasses general English, Math’s, Physics and Reasoning (10+2 standard).

Pilot Aptitude Test- The test will assess your aptitude on Air Regulation, Air Navigation, Aviation Meteorology, Aircraft and Engine Knowledge

Personal Interview and DGCA Medical examination- The candidates succeeding in written examination and aptitude test will be required to take a medical assessment conducted by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Govt. of India.

*Please note a minimum of 50% is required in class 12th to join a flying school.

The minimum age to apply for Pilot License, are as follows:

  • Student Pilot License – 16 years
  • Private Pilot License – 17 years
  • Commercial Pilot License – 18 years

 How to Obtain a Student Pilot License:

For this a student has to clear an entrance examination consisting of an Oral test and will be taken by the Chief Instructor at the School, or the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) representative. This license allows you to get flying training and permits you to take off flights on gliders or small planes that are generally provided by approved flying clubs of the country.

By the time you complete your course, you should have completed a minimum of 250 flying hours, following which you can apply for the Commercial Pilot License (CPL).

Top institutes for Aviation course:

  • Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Academy (IGRUA), Rae Bareilly
    ● Rajiv Gandhi Academy of Aviation Technology, Kerala
    ● National Flying Training Institute, Gondia
    ● Bombay Flying Club, Mumbai
    ● Ahmedabad Aviation & Aeronautics Ltd., Ahmedabad
    ● Madhya Pradesh Flying Club (MPFC), Indore
    ● CAE Oxford Aviation Academy, Gondia,
    ● Indigo Cadet Training Program, (Hamilton, New Zealand & Hyderabad, India)

Note: Every institute has their respective specifications concerning physical fitness, and eyesight specifically.

  1. : Indian Defence Forces (Airforce)

If you’re determined to serve your country, want to fly high and earn well then, this line offers exactly those things. This job is no less of responsibility and requires courage and determination with lot of dedication to be in this profession. Being is military is no easy and demands high discipline.

HOW DO I GET THERE?

Path 1.    NDA (National Defence Academy):

NDA is the most reputable and first choice to be part of Airforce. It provides three years of training programme at National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla. After the successful completion of the training, candidates are commissioned as a Permanent Commission Officer and posted as a Pilot at one of the Air Force Stations.

Entrance examination needs to be cleared for admission in NDA. Exam includes four steps:

–  Written examination (constitute the elements of English, Physics, Chemistry, Math, General Knowledge, History, Geography and Current Events.)

– SSB interview (Consisting of two stages)

– Pilot aptitude test (consists of written and machine tests to evaluate you on the basis of your ability to read instruments, control of your actions and mental strength).

-Medical examination (The minimum height required for an NDA aspirant is 152cms with correlated weight. Eye Vision Should be 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other, correctable to 6/6 only for Hypermetropia).

Eligibility:

NDA is the only entry that allows you to be the part of this esteemed institution right after you finish your higher secondary. The minimum age to apply is 16 ½ and the maximum age is 19 years.

Only Male candidates can apply for NDA. While applying for this entry you should have cleared 10+2 with Physics and Mathematics. Students appearing in final year of their college are also eligible to apply.

 

Path 2: Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE):

One can apply for this right after graduation. The selected candidates are sent for training at the Air Force Academy, Hyderabad, wherein they undergo Pre-Flying Training School. Post Completion of the training, the commissioned officers are assigned their flying units.

Entrance examination need to be cleared for CDSE , which consists of :

  • Written Examination (Consisting of English, Maths and General Knowledge)
  • SSB Interview (consists of two stages)
  • Pilot Aptitude Test-(consists of written and machine tests to evaluate you on the basis of your ability to read instruments, control of your actions and mental strength)
  • Medical examination-(Minimum height required for males for CDS entry is 162.5 cms with correlated weight. Eye Vision Should be 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other, correctable to 6/6 only for Hypermetropia)

 

Eligibility:

Only Male graduates (Three Year Course) in any discipline from a recognised University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level) / BE / B Tech (Four Year Course), holding an Indian passport are eligible to apply for CDSE entry. The minimum age to apply is 19 years to 23 years. The candidate should be unmarried at the time of applying.

 

Path 3:  AFCAT Entry to the Airforce (SSC)

SSC stands for Short Service Commission. Under this entry scheme, candidates cannot serve in the Indian Air Force for more than 14 years.

Entrance exam called ‘Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT)’ needs to be cleared for this. The selected candidates are then sent for 74 weeks training course at the Air Force Academy, Dundigal.

Entrance consists of the following:
  • Written Examination (Consists verbal ability, numerical ability, reasoning, general awareness, and military aptitude)
  • SSB Interview-This consists of two stages
  • Pilot Aptitude Test-This is once in a lifetime examination. If you don’t clear this in the first time, you are never eligible to appear for the flying branch again. This consists of written and machine tests to evaluate you on the basis of your ability to read instruments, control of your actions and mental strength.
  • Medical examination-The minimum height required for males is 162.5 cms with correlated weight, and for women is 148cms with correlated weight. Eye Vision Should be 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other, correctable to 6/6 only for Hypermetropia.

 

 Eligibility:

For this a candidate needs to be graduate (Three Year Course) in any discipline from a recognised University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level) / BE / B Tech (Four Year Course) with a minimum 60% marks in aggregate.

SSC allows both Male and female candidates to apply and be a part of this esteemed institution. Minimum age required at the time of commencement, of course, is 19 years to 23 years.

If you hold a valid and current Commercial Pilot Licence issued by DGCA (India), then you can get an age relaxation up to 25 years. Similar to the other entries, you should be unmarried and be a citizen of India.

 

Path 4:  NCC (National cadet corps)

Anyone who has been a part of their school NCC society and are an Air Wing Senior Division ‘C’ Certificate holder, then they are eligible to join the Air Force (Flying Branch) through the Directorate General National Cadet Corps or through your respective NCC Air Squadrons.

If a candidate has secured “A” or “B” grade in their “C” Certificate then they can directly appear for the SSB Interview.

NCC requires an entrance examination consisting of the following:

  • SSB Interview-This consists of two stages:
  • Pilot Aptitude Test-This is once in a lifetime examination. If you don’t clear this in the first time, you are never eligible to appear for the flying branch again. This consists of written and machine tests to evaluate you on the basis of your ability to read instruments, control of your actions and mental strength.
  • Medical examination-The minimum height required for males is 162.5 cms with correlated weight. Eye Vision Should be 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other, correctable to 6/6 only for Hypermetropia.

 

How much does it pay?

Job of a pilot pays really well. One can easily earn up to 1.12 Lakh to 36.85 Lakhs per annum, depending upon their post, experience and the airlines they are working in.

 

Pros:
  • Opportunity to fly to different places
  • High paying job
  • Get to meet new people and try different things
Cons:
  • Have to stay away from home for a long time
  • Erratic sleeping and eating pattern
  • Security issues

*There is a lot of difference in cost of training for a commercial and an Airforce pilot. Training fee for commercial pilot can cost up to 15 to 20 lakhs while it is nominal for defence pilot training.

So, if your interest, calibre and personality match to the requirements of this profession, you can learn more skills and plan ahead to go in this.

Apart from this, if you have any other career related query or some other interest area that you want us to take up, you can comment down below and let us know that. Also, you can contact us directly for psychometric tests and personalized counselling. For detail visit : iminitiative.com

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